Thursday, March 31, 2016

1,200-Calorie, Low-Carb Diet Meal Plan

Maximize your weight loss by following a low-calorie, low-carbohydrate meal plan. Set at 1,200 calories and under 25 grams of carbs per meal, this plan is considered very low-calorie and moderately low-carbohydrate. It's important you eat at least 1,200 calories per day in order to support your body's basic metabolic needs.

Benefits of the Meal Plan
These meal plans combine the advantage of a low-carb approach with a low calorie meal plan. These two strategies together can accelerate weight loss, helping you achieve quick results.

A 2011 study showed that eating a low-carb diet can help reduce hunger, which is essential if you are following a very low calorie plan of 1200 calories per day. If you can see results for your efforts while experiencing minimal hunger, you are more likely to stick to the plan and less likely to stray down paths with foods higher in calories. Motivation is a key factor in any weight control plan.

Following the Meal Plan
To follow this plan, divide your allotted 1200 calories into three meals of 300 calories each and three snacks of 100 calories each. The steady flow of food keeps you feeling sated throughout the day. The best way to ensure you are adhering to calorie and carb counts is by weighing your food on a kitchen scale or measuring it carefully.

Snacks are important. It is imperative to ensure you never get to a point where you feel starved or shaky. You are also less likely to feel deprived if you eat every couple of hours. You may notice this plan does not include alcohol. In order to maximize nutritional intake, the 1200 calorie low carb meal plan leaves no room for empty calories. Every calorie must have value when you reduce caloric intake to this level.

The Meal Plan
Each meal and snack includes a few options to give you some variety. For maximum nutritional benefit, try to vary your meal plan each day. Variety helps ensure you do not become bored with your diet, and eating a variety of foods across the spectrum of color will ensure you get all of the vitamins and minerals you need

The diet plan is low carb rather than no carb. Carbohydrates are essential for metabolism and many other vital body processes. Because vegetables, particularly leafy greens, are low in both carbohydrates and calories, they figure strongly into these meal plans.

Low-carbohydrate meals are those with less than 25 grams of carbs per meal. In many cases, the meals listed below have lower effective carbohydrate counts because fiber is counted as a carbohydrate as far as nutritional information goes, but it does not affect blood sugar the way other carbohydrates do. Carbohydrates listed are total and not effective carb rates.

Meals are between 250 and 300 calories with snacks totaling the same. Feel free to mix and match for a meal plan that will maintain you at around 1,200 calories per day with low carbohydrate counts.

To use the meals below, select one breakfast, lunch, dinner, and three snacks.

The diet relies on lean protein, berries, and vegetables as well as the use of cooking spray. A tablespoon of oil or butter contains up to 120 calories, calories you cannot afford to add, if you are sticking to the 1200 calorie plan.

If you decide to make other substitutes, bear in mind you will need to reduce the portion size of some items because of differences in calorie counts. An online calorie counter and reading food labels can help you make good choices while staying within the calorie limit using low carb foods.

If you need help downloading the printable meal plan, check out these helpful tips.

Weight Control
Limiting your calorie intake is one effective way to lose weight. Combining low calorie options with foods low in carbs can help you achieve your weight goals that much quicker.

15 Zero Carb Foods (For Low Carb Diets)

Eating low carb means sticking to foods that either contain no carbohydrates, or very few of them. One strategy is to load up on foods that don’t contain any carbs, which frees up space to have other carbohydrates in the form of vegetables. The one thing to remember is that foods without carbs are also low in fiber, so you’ll want to make sure that you are supplementing your diet with other foods that contain fiber to help your digestive system along. You should also consult with your doctor before starting any diet advocating severe carbohydrate restriction.

1. Chicken

Chicken contains no carbs at all, and is one of the favorite food for those that want to watch their carbs because it is so versatile. You can cook chicken in many ways while keeping the carbohydrate count to a minimum. You can fry it up in butter or olive oil and it will maintain its carb free status. There are also several seasonings and spices that do not contain carbs, and you can use any of these to add massive amount of flavor to the chicken without adding to the net carbs. Pairing chicken with a low carb veggie is a great idea to have a satisfying meal without spiking your carb intake.

2. Beef

Beef is another go-to food if you’re looking to cut carbs because it doesn’t have any. The great part about beef being on the list is that it provides plenty of minerals and nutrients like iron and magnesium, so you’ll be giving the body things it needs while limiting the number of carbs taken in. Beef is also off the charts when it comes to protein, and this can be a big help when it comes to building lean muscle mass. Serve up some steamed veggies with your choice of beef and you’re well on your way to having a great meal that is low in carbohydrates.

3. Butter

You’ll be happy to know that butter does not contain any carbohydrates, so you can use it to flavor up your vegetables and other foods without worrying about its effect on your carbohydrate numbers. Butter is often vilified because of its high fat content, but many of today’s most popular diet plans include butter as a fat that you can use, and recommend it over lils like vegetable oil or soybean oil. When selecting your butter it’s good to be picky. Go with organic grass-fed butter over conventional butter. It’s a more natural form, and is better for your body in general.

4. Game Meats

Choose any of the wild game meats and you’ll be all set in the carb department. Some of the more popular game meats with zero carbs are deer, rabbit, wild turkey, bison, pheasant, and boar. You may have trouble finding these in the local supermarket, but many butchers will have access to them, and there may also be a wild game ranch that you can buy them from. There are also online providers of wild game meat of all kinds that will deliver it to your door. A bonus with game meat is that it hasn’t been subjected to the lifestyle and additives used in conventionally farmed livestock.

5. Turkey

Turkey is a great meat to have if you are being carb conscious because it won’t actually add to your carb totals. Be sure to buy roasted turkey breast instead of the kind you find in the deli in cold cut form. You’ll help cut down on the amount of nitrates and sodium found in the turkey. Also opt out of turkey sandwiches as bread is one food that’s high in carbohydrates and can quickly undo your efforts to get your carbs down.

6. Fish

You can select any fish you’d like, and it won’t contain carbohydrates. This is good news because fish can be a big part of a healthy diet. Take salmon as an example, it provides plenty of protein, and omega-3s that help the body fight inflammation and conditions associated with inflammation. You don’t have to stick with salmon, all fish will have no carbs to them, they’ll just vary in regards to their omega-3 content. Tuna has no carbs and is readily available, and often consumed as part of a low-carb lifestyle, especially when combined with weight training.

7. Goose

Goose might not be the most popular of meats, but if you happen upon it you can eat it without worrying that your carb count will suffer. Although not as popular as it once was, goose used to be a regular menu item for many families around the world. This is another food that has plenty of recipes available to assist you if you don’t know how to select one or cook it up.

8. Eggs

Eggs are great because you can cook them up so many different ways, and they taste fantastic cooked in butter. The nice part is that most low-carb vegetables will taste great in an omelet, so you can make yourself a hearty and filling breakfast without spoiling your low-carb lifestyle. There is still some debate over whether it’s better to have the entire egg or just the egg whites. As far as carbohydrates are concerned, neither the yolk nor the white has any, so you can eat the entire thing without regard to its carb value.

9. Duck

Duck is another form of poultry that will not add to your carb intake for the day. While not as popular and widely available as chicken or turkey, it’s still able to be found, you just have to look a little harder. There are plenty of ways to prepare duck, so don’t be scared off by it if you don’t know how to cook it. A search for duck recipes is sure to provide dozens of appetizing ways to make it, and it could end up being one of your new favorite foods.
10. Lamb

Lamb doesn’t get a lot of attention in marketplace dominated by chicken and beef, but it is one you may want to seek out to help round out your carb-free foods list. In several countries lamb is more popular, so there are plenty of recipes to follow if you’re not quite sure how to prepare it. Lamb tends to be a bit fattier than other meats, but when you are focusing on a low-carb diet you are often allowed to have more fat than you are if following a low fat diet plan. Consult your plan to see if lamb makes it onto the list of foods you can have. For example, Atkins, arguably the most popular low-carb diet plans allows lamb during all phases of their program.

11. Mollusks

The entire group of mollusks is fair game while eating low carb, including popular choices like mussels, clams, and oysters. Most of these can be cooked by steaming them, which is a great method because it adds nothing to them in the way of carbs. Some of them, like oysters, can even be eaten raw so you know nothing has been added to them. This also includes land dwelling mollusks like snails, but it’s probably more likely that you’ll be presented with the sea-based variety, unless you order escargot at a fancy French restaurant.

12. Shellfish

Indulge in any shellfish you’d like without worrying that it’s going to wreck your no-carb plan. Crab, lobster, and shrimp are the three most popular shellfish you’ll find in restaurants. This makes a great choice when dining out. Eating at restaurants can present the biggest challenge to those looking to limit their carbohydrates, as nearly everything on the menu will be laden with carbs. But between fish, mollusks, and shellfish you can pretty much go on a seafood kick, dunking it all in melted butter without concern that it’s ruining your plan at eating low carb. Just steer clear of the Cheddar Bay biscuits if you go to Red Lobster, at 16 grams of carbs per biscuit even one could spoil a day’s worth of carb consciousness.

13. Organ Meats

Organ meats from any animal will be free of carbs, including liver, hearts, kidneys, tongue, brain, and even tripe. These may not sound like the most appetizing foods to eat if you’re not used to eating them, but there are lots of ways to cook them up so that you might forget what you’re eating because they taste so good. Just a few generations ago organ meats were much more prevalent in everyday cooking than they are today. They have fallen out of favor as people tend to prefer ground beef, and chicken breast, thighs, and drumsticks over anything internal.

14. Pork

Pork contains only a trace amount of carbohydrates, not enough to disqualify it from being on our zero carb food list. It is often found on the approved foods list for many of the most popular low-carb diet plans out there. Pork comes in many varieties, so it is a very versatile food for you to enjoy that won’t set you back in the carbs department. You’ll want to check with your specific diet plan to see if pork is something you should be eating or not. It tends to be very fatty, and many varieties undergo a curing process which introduces extra sodium and nitrates to the meat.

15. Veal

Veal may be one meat that you don’t want to add to the list, but moral dilemmas aside it is carb-free. There are actually several good qualities of veal, if you can get past where it comes from. Compared to beef it is generally more flavorful and tender while remaining a lean meat. It still provides plenty of protein and minerals, making it a better choice if you’re looking for the best taste sensation. Of course it is also typically more expensive than beef, so it may not be something you move into your regular rotation.

Wednesday, March 30, 2016

15 Tips for Low Carb Dieting Success

1When making any dietary or lifestyle change it is essential to talk with your doctor. Your doctor is an important part of your care team that will be able to assess the possible health risks based on your medical history and current health that may be of concern with any changes you desire to make. Again, always talk to your Doctor before starting any new diet regimen.

2Before implementing a dietary change it’s important to have a benchmark. If you are trying to lose weight, invest in a good scale.  We recommend the EatSmart Precision Digital Bathroom scale which costs less than $29 and goes up to 400 pounds.  If you’re looking for a scale with a Body Fat sensor, we recommend the EatSmart GetFit Digital Body Scale ($49.95), and if you’re looking for something that will sync up with apps in your phone via BlueTooth and track your weight automatically, the Weight Gurus Bluetooth Smart Connected Body Fat Scale ($59) is amazing.  In addition to taking frequent weight measurements, you can also see progress in a different way: measurements.  Weight loss progress can vary, and there can be weeks when you stagnate on the scale but lose around the waist or thighs, and vice versa.  Invest in a good body tape measure. I wouldn’t recommend obsessing over these numbers every day or week, but take a look at them as measures of change every 2-4 weeks. You may also consider completing blood work before you start, especially if you have preexisting conditions you’re hoping to improve or reverse or if your medical or family history puts you at risk. This can be a gratifying to see your lipid panel change after 3-6 months of making these dietary changes.

3Precision in the kitchen enables you to get off to a good start, but tracking the volume of food for each meal can be a real eye opener. Get a good food scale to be able to make get concise measurements of your portions.
4You can access hundreds of different apps on a smartphone to track food intake. Many are user friendly and provide an accurate database to keep you on track. Try Lose It! Or MyFitnessPal.

5Get into the habit early on to read food labels, question ingredients in meals, and know what is in the food at restaurants. Beyond looking at net carbs, review the ingredient list for processed carbohydrates and junk that are not beneficial for the body. For example, if you’re modifying a stir fry dish at a restaurant by removing the rice also consider what is in the sauce…usually a good amount of sugar. Instead request it on the side or removed all-together so you can season it with a bit of soy sauce.

6Being prepared and planning ahead will put you in the seat for success. Take time on a Sunday to plan out your meals and snacks for the week. Make your grocery list and complete all the prep work. Invest in some quality food containers to make sure you can bring your food where it needs to go.  It will help you stay on the right course and avoid situations where you’ll have an “excuse” to cheat.

7Make sure you are getting enough fat. This will be your body’s primary source for energy with a reduction in carbohydrates, so it’s essential you’re getting enough. It’s not necessary to reach for the fat free cottage cheese, fat free dressing, or reduced fat cheese.

8In addition to fat the other ‘filling’ counterpart is fiber. Make sure you are fitting in those servings of vegetables to get plenty fiber. Unsweetened coconut, flax seeds, spinach, collard greens, chard, avocado all have a good amount of fiber to keep the colon happy.

9Plan for the unexpected. Forget to bring your lunch, thought you had almonds to snack on at work? Have convenient items stored at home, work, the car, gym bag, and/or purse. Convenient items that are low carb can help you stay on track if you haven’t planned (e.g. Atkins Shake, Quest bars, pork rinds, etc).  Our snack list has over 75 ideas, many of which are perfect for on-the-go.

10Eating too many artificial sweeteners can hinder your weight loss efforts. Consider using in moderation or if absolutely needed. They’ve been demonstrated to potentially lead to an increase in appetite as your body is preparing to release insulin because you’re eating something sweet. This anticipation leads to an unnecessary production of insulin and reduction in blood sugars.

11Planning to allow for some alcohol in your meal plan. The occasional drink can fit, but there are many sugar laden drinks to steer clear from. No worries if your drink of choice is rum, scotch, or even wine drink. No or low carbohydrates, but those are still empty calories with no nutritional value added to your day.

12Avoid grazing throughout the day. With successfully reducing your carbohydrate intake, getting most of your calories from protein and fat the desire to snack or graze should diminish. Though if it’s purely habit, begin to focus inward and ask yourself when you truly are hungry before reaching for a snack.
 13Every bite adds up!

Even with reaping the benefits of increased satiety, stress can play a role in triggering that old habit of stress eating. Make sure stress reduction techniques are in place. But, first learn what leads to your stress and how being honest with yourself in recognizing it.

14A team approach is better than taking something on solo. Encouraging family and friends to join in on these dietary changes will not only help them improve their health as well, but you’ll all be going through the ups and downs together. If you do end up taking it on solo, a support system is essential in your success. Having someone to talk to, gain encouragement, troubleshoot with, etc can help you navigate the challenges you’ll come across.

15Remember variety! For some chicken and broccoli every day is desired to keep it simple so they can breeze through the week. If this is you I would still encourage variety, even if it’s one meal or the weekend, changing it up can help maintain the changes long-term. Most will benefit from changing it up, trying something new, and keeping meals interesting and enjoyable. Plus, most importantly, variety enables you to obtain the many nutrients that your body needs.

31 Healthy Ways People With Diabetes Can Enjoy Carbs

No more FOMO for you or your favorite person with diabetes — you can eat carbs. Just be smart about it.
Whether you’ve just been diagnosed with diabetes or you’ve been managing it like a pro for years, chances are you always need new recipes to add to your repertoire. Or maybe you have a family member/friend/date who has diabetes, and want to cook dinner for them. Fear not. You don’t have to cook special, “diabetic” meals. Or, despite popular myths, obsessively avoid carbs.
Many people think that if you have diabeetus (as Wilford Brimley would say) that means you can’t eat carbohydrates. But, in fact, people with diabetes should get about 50% of their daily caloric intake from carbs — like anyone else looking to follow a healthy diet.
You just need to consider three things before chowing down: the type of carb, adding a protein, and portion sizes. These factors all impact blood sugar and can help keep sugars within normal range (aka glycemic control), which is the ultimate goal in diabetes management.

Here’s what’s going on: When you eat carbs, your body breaks them down into sugar (aka glucose) which is used for energy. Glucose is the ideal energy source for most bodily functions, including — most important — brain power. And insulin is a hormone that takes care of keeping your blood glucose in a safe range by transporting glucose from the blood into your body’s cells.
When a person has diabetes, their insulin is either not working effectively, is being produced inefficiently, or in some cases not being produced at all (depending on the type of diabetes). As a result, they have elevated levels of glucose in the blood. That’s likely where the whole no-carbs-or-sugar misconception came from. “Just don’t eat carbs or sugar and you’ll be fine,” right?
Nope. It’s not a carb thing, it’s an insulin thing. Your body does need some carbs to function. And, fortunately, a person with diabetes can manipulate their diet for better glycemic control by incorporating some of the recommendations below into their lifestyle.

How To Enjoy Carbs When You Have Diabetes:
1. Understand that not all carbs are created equal.
Sweet potatoes have carbs. So do chips. But there’s a small difference between them that’s actually kind of a BIG difference. Simple carbs found in most processed or refined foods, like white bread, rice, and chips, are digested quickly, thus causing a rapid rise in blood sugar. It’s almost like an injection of sugar; you don’t have to be a scientist to see that this isn’t the best choice for someone with diabetes.
But complex carbs found in natural foods like fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains contain fiber which slows digestion — preventing that sugar spike — and also keeps you fuller longer. Check foods labels and reach for product with 3 grams of fiber or more per serving to keep that sugar in control.
2. Add a protein.
Protein + Carb = <3. Include a protein with meals and snacks. Like fiber, protein can prevent spikes in blood sugar by slowing digestion and serves to keep you fuller, longer too! Choose lean cuts of meat and seafood for animal protein. For meat-free options, you get protein from legumes, nuts, seeds, eggs, low-fat dairy, and soy products.
3. Practice portion control.
Pay attention to portion sizes. Check the nutrition facts panel for the serving size, maybe even invest in some measuring cups, and teach yourself to recognize portion sizes. Like, when you make a fist (pump) it’s about 1 cup. The point is portion size DOES matter.
You can also follow guidelines for creating your plate, an effective way to enjoy carbs while managing your diabetes:

Fill ½ your plate with vegetables (think dark greens), ¼ protein, and ¼ starch.

Instead of thinking “no carbs” to control your sugar levels, think about the source of the carbohydrate and choose meals and snacks that combine fiber and protein. Here are some examples:


1. Skillet-Baked Eggs with Spinach, Yogurt, and Chili Oil

2. Oatmeal Cottage Cheese Banana Pancakes
These are so good on their own that you don’t need syrup, but if you want, you can top with all natural peanut or almond butter for texture and extra credit protein. 

3. Broiled Grapefruit with Yogurt and Granola
4. Carrot Cake Overnight Protein Oatmeal
full meals
5. Spring Carrot, Radish, and Quinoa Salad with Herbed Avocado
6. Sheet Pan Roast Chicken Dinner

7. No-Noodle Zucchini Lasagna

8. Summer Vegetables with Chicken Sausage and Potatoes

9. Stuffed Eggplant with Lentils and Millet
10. Roasted Shrimp with Spaghetti Squash
11. Slow Cooker White Turkey Chili
12. Baked Salmon with Creamy Lemon Dill Zucchini “Pasta”
12. Baked Salmon with Creamy Lemon Dill Zucchini “Pasta”
14. Fish Tacos with Mango Avocado Salsa
15. Cauliflower Fried “Rice”
16. Slow Cooker Chicken and Wild Rice Soup
17. Chipotle Turkey Burger
18. Brown Rice Bowl with Ginger-Lime Chicken and Bok Choy
19. Pork with Squash and Apples
20. One-Pot Moroccan Chicken and Chickpeas with Pistachio Couscous and Goat Cheese
21. Whole-Wheat Crackers with Cheese Spread and Cucumbers

22. Roasted Beet Hummus
23. Pico Guacamole
24. Roasted Turkey Wrap
25. A Cheese Plate
sweet  treats
26. Heavenly Cheesecake
27. Strawberry Cucumber Salad Cups
28. Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Blondies
28. Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Blondies
30. Brownie Batter Overnight Protein Oatmeal
31. Frozen Chocolate Peanut Butter Banana Greek Yogurt Pops.

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Tips & tricks for starting (or restarting) low carb

Part 1

As anyone who has done it knows, getting started on a low-carb diet can be a little rough.  Not for everyone, but for some.  All too often these little front-end bumps in the road–coupled with the spirit of the times in which the well-intentioned but ignorant friends and relatives of low-carb dieters tell them their diet is going to croak their kidneys, clog their arteries and weaken their bones–can be enough to make many people abandon the most sincere efforts.  Drawing on my almost 30 years of experience treating patients using the low-carb diet, I can give some tips and tricks for dealing with these difficult early days.

Listen to your body?
The surest road to failure in the first few days of low-carb dieting is to listen to your body.  The whole notion of listening to your body is one of my major pet peeves.  In fact, just hearing those words makes me want to puke.  In my experience, they are usually uttered by females with moist, dreamy looks in their eyes, but not always.  I just read a ton of comments in a recent Paleo blog post in which vastly more males than females actually wrote this drivel. Listening to your body isgiving the elephant free rein. If you’re three days into your stop-smoking program, and you listen to your body, you’re screwed.  If you’re in drug rehab, and you listen to your body, you’re screwed.  If you’re trying to give up booze, and you listen to your body, you’re screwed.  And if you’re a week into your low-carb diet, and you listen to your body, you’re screwed.  Actually, it’s okay to listen to it, I suppose, just don’t do what it’s telling you to do because if you do, you’re screwed. Okay, end of rant.  I just had to get it out of my system.  You just can’t imagine how many times people who have tried low-carb diets then abandoned them early on have said those words to me.  Wait.  I’m about to get started again. Stop!

Low-carbohydrate adaptation
Probably the best explanation of low-carb adaptation (also called keto adaptation) was written by a Lt. Frederick Schwatka (pictured above left) over a hundred years ago.

When first thrown wholly upon a diet of reindeer meat, it seems inadequate to properly nourish the system and there is an apparent weakness and inability to perform severe exertive, fatiguing journeys. But this soon passes away in the course of two or three weeks.

Lt. Schwatka was a doctor, a lawyer, and an explorer of the Arctic, the Great Plains and northern Mexico.  The above quote comes from his book on the unfruitful search for the Franklin party in 1878.  (For all his experience and gifts, and understanding of low-carb adaptation, the good doctor listened to his own body a little too much and did himself in with an overdose of morphine at age 42.) You can read more about Lt Schwatka, low-carb adaptation, and his time with the Inuit in a post I wrote a few years ago. The period of low-carb adaptation is that time between starting a low-carb diet and feeling great on a low-carb diet.  It can take anywhere from just a day or so to two or three weeks.  During this adaptation period people tend to fatigue easily, experience a slight lack of mental clarity and be tormented off and on by the unbidden lust for carbs that seems to rise up out of nowhere.  Why does this happen early on with a diet that ultimately works so well to increase exercise capacity, mental clarity, and feelings of satiation? It happens because both your body and brain are going through a profound change in the way they get their energy.  You can’t run your car designed to burn gasoline on biodeisel…unless you install a converter.  Then you can.  We humans have the design for our carb to fat converters coded in our DNA – the low-carb adaptation period is simply the time it takes for the converter to be built and installed. Our bodies are simply giant piles of chemicals heaped together in a human-shaped form.  Most of the chemicals will react with one another, but only extremely slowly.  If we didn’t have something to help these reactions along, life wouldn’t exist.  The helpers are called enzymes.  These enzymes – which are large folded proteins – catalyze all the chemical reactions that allow us to function.  Mix a couple of body chemicals together and you might have to wait twenty years or more for them to interact or combine in some way to form another body chemical product.  Throw the correct enzyme into the mixture, and you get a reaction in a fraction of a second. When you’ve been on the standard American high-carb diet, you’re loaded with enzymes ready to convert those carbs to energy.  You’ve got some enzymes laying in the weeds waiting to deal with the fat, but mainly dealing with it by storing it, not necessarily burning it.  All the pathways to deal with carbs and their resultant blood glucose are well-oiled and operating smoothly.  Then you start a low-carb diet.  Suddenly, you’ve idled most of the enzyme force you have built to process the carbs in your diet while at the same time you don’t have a ready supply of the enzymes in the quantities needed to deal with your new diet.  It would be like a Ford automobile factory changing in one day into a plant that made iPads.  All the autoworkers would show up and be clueless as how to make an iPad.  It would take a while – not to mention a lot of chaos – to get rid of the autoworkers and replace them with iPad workers.  In a way, that’s kind of what’s happening during the low-carb adaptation period. Over the first few days to few weeks of low-carb adaptation, your body is laying off the carbohydrate worker enzymes and building new fat worker enzymes.  Once the workforce in your body is changed out, you start functioning properly on your new low-carb, higher-fat diet.  The carbs you used to burn for energy are now replaced to a great extent by ketones (which is why this time is also called the keto-adaptation period) and fat.  Your brain begins to use ketones to replace the glucose it used to use pretty much exclusively, so your thinking clears up.  And the fatigue you used to feel at the start of the diet goes away as ketones and fat (and the army of enzymes required to use them efficiently) take over as the primary sources of energy.  Suddenly you seem to go from not being able to walk out to get the morning paper without puffing and panting to having an abundance of energy.  Because of this low-carb adaptation period, we never, ever counsel our patients to start an exercise program when they start their low-carb diets because a) we know they’ll be too fatigued to do it, and b) we know that in a short time they will start exercising spontaneously to burn off the excess fat on their bodies once the skids are greased, so to speak. Anyone with good sense contemplating a low-carb diet would ask the question, How can I make this low-carb adaptation period as short as possible?  Good question.  Why would anyone want to prolong the agony? The secret to making it shorter is in the second part of what Lt. Schwatka wrote about low-carb adaptation.  Immediately after the above quoted sentences, he follows with:

At first the white man takes to the new diet in too homeopathic a manner, especially if it be raw. However, seal meat which is far more disagreeable with its fishy odor, and bear meat with its strong flavor, seems to have no such temporary debilitating effect upon the economy.

In other words, the white man, used to flour, sugar, boiled meat and all the other staples of the mid 19th century American diet, balked at the consumption of raw meat, especially raw and malodorous seal and bear meat.  And so took it in tiny portions (in a  “homeopathic manner”) instead of going face down in it.  Compared to reindeer meat, both seal and bear meat are loaded with fat, which is why the consumption of those fattier meats didn’t produce the “temporary debilitating effect.”  In those who did eat the fattier meats, the low-carb adaptation period was very short or even non-existent.

Eat more fat
If you want to reduce the time you spend in low-carb adaptation, crank up the fat.  If you go on a high-protein, moderate-fat diet (Schwatka’s reindeer diet), your body will convert the protein to glucose via gluconeogenesis, so you’ll still have glucose to keep the glucose worker enzymes busy and will prolong the conversion to fat and ketones as your primary energy source. So Rule Number One to reduce the time spent in low-carb adaptation purgatory is: Don’t be a wuss when you start your low-carb way of eating.  Keep the carbs cut to the minimum and load up on the fat. Eat fatty cuts of meat, cooked in butter or lard if you want, and force your body over to using the fats and ketones for energy as nature intended. I mean, don’t try to be noble by eating boneless, skinless chicken breasts – instead insert some pats of butter under the skin of a chicken leg and thigh before cooking, and wolf them with your fingers while the fat drips down your arms.  Do not trim the fat from your steaks – eat them from the fat side in.  If you leave anything on your plate, make sure it’s the meat and not the fat.  If you don’t already, learn to love bacon, and don’t cook it ‘til the fat is all gone: eat it wobbly.  Wallow in Mangalitsa lardo.  And whatever you do, for God’s sake, don’t listen to your body during this adaptation period or you’ll never cross the chasm between fat and miserable on your high-carb diet and slim, happy, energetic and low-carb adapted on the other side. In my next post, I’ll give you the rest of the tips and tricks to get through low-carb adaptation that MD and I have learned in our combined 50 plus years of taking care of patients on low-carb diet. And I’ll include a recipe worthy of killing for that you can prepare to help you get through.

Part 2

In the last post we discussed ramping up the fat intake as the single best way to hurry the low-carb or keto adaptation along.  I didn’t mention it in the previous post, but another little secret is to keep an eye on the protein intake. Too much protein will prevent the shift into ketoses because the liver will convert some of the protein into glucose – this glucose will then be used first and slow down the ketogenic process.  Which, if course, prompts the question, how much protein is too much?  As long as you’re getting your protein from meat, especially fatty cuts of meat, you’re probably okay.  If you go for the extremely lean cuts of meat, say, skinless chicken breasts, or if you are supplementing your diet with low-fat protein shakes, you could have a little more trouble low-carb adapting.  If you’re going the shake route, I would recommend you add some coconut oil to the shakes for a couple of reasons.  First, you’ll hasten the keto-adaptation, and, second, the fat it coconut oil will help remove the fat from your liver (which I’ll discuss more later in this post).

A glass of Tinto de Verano pictured at left. A great way to hydrate. (See note at bottom of post.)

As I said, you need to really crank up the fat intake to push yourself over the adaptation divide as quickly as possible.  If you don’t like fatty cuts of meat, you can add a little medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) to your diet.  MCT are absorbed more like carbohydrates and are used quickly by the body.  They are almost never incorporated into the fat cells, so they burn quickly, and any extra that might be hanging around are converted to ketones.  So, MCT will drive the ketone production process.  And so will coconut oil if you prefer that.

You can find MCT oil at most health food or natural grocery stores.  It has never bothered me, but some people can get a little nauseated if they take too much of it, so if you decide to give it a try, start out slowly.  Or go with the coconut oil.

Aside from the occasional carb cravings, which we’ll deal with later, the most common symptoms experienced by those getting started on low-carb diets are fatigue, headaches, light-headedness or dizziness, and cramping.  I would say these four symptoms probably comprise 98 percent of the complaints we get from our patients we put on low-carb diets.  Not everyone experiences these symptoms – especially those who do what we tell them – but of those who do have symptoms, these are almost always the ones they have.  Let’s look at what to do to avoid them or treat them should you already be experiencing on or more.

The most common cause of virtually all the symptoms listed above is an imbalance in electrolytes.  Following a low-carb diet results in a rapid lowering of insulin levels, which – though a good thing – can create problems in the early days.  We’ll address the electrolytes in the order of importance.


When you are overweight and insulin resistant, you have a lot of insulin circulating in your blood most of the time.  This excess insulin does a number of bad things to you.  Gary Taubes wrote an entire book about how excess insulin makes you store fat in your fat cells.  But the story doesn’t end there.  Excess insulin also drives the kidneys to retain fluid, which is why many obese people retain a lot of extraneous fluid and experience pitting edema in their lower legs.

What is pitting edema?

If you push your finger into the tissue in the front (or just to the side of) your shin bone and your finger leaves an indentation – almost a finger print – that takes a while to fill back in, you have pitting edema.  Most overweight people experience this phenomenon late in the afternoon and/or at night after being on their feet all day.  The excess fluid pools around the lower legs and seeps into the soft tissues. In the morning, after the body has been horizontal through the night, the fluid redistributes, and the pitting edema goes away but then reoccurs as the day goes on.  Even people who aren’t all that overweight but who do have elevated insulin levels will have some degree of excess fluid accumulation even if they don’t experience pitting edema as evidence of it.

One of the first things that happens when people go on low-carb diets is a rapid improvement in insulin sensitivity.  Because the low-carb diet starts to quickly banish the insulin resistance, insulin levels fall quickly.  And as insulin falls, the stimulus to the kidneys to retain fluids goes away, and the kidneys begin to rapidly release fluid.  One of the common experiences at the start of low-carb dieting is the incessant running back and forth to the bathroom to urinate this excess fluid away.  Which is both good news and bad news.

The good news is that it’s great to get rid of the excess fluid but it comes at a cost, which is the bad news.  As the excess fluid goes, it takes with it sodium an extremely important electrolyte.  When sodium levels fall below a critical threshold (which can happen within a short time), symptoms often occur, the most common being fatigue, headache, cramps and postural hypotension.

Postural hypotension happens when you stand up too quickly and feel faint.  Or even pass out briefly.  It’s a sign of dehydration.  So if you’ve started your low-carb diet, made your multiple runs to the bathroom, and jump up off the couch to answer the phone and feel like your going to faint (or actually do pass out momentarily) and have to sit back down quickly, you’ve got postural hypotension.  It’s really easy to fix – you simply need to take more sodium and drink more water.  Salt your food more.  Increasing sodium is just another one of the many counter-intuitive things about low-carb dieting.  Just like eating more fat to lower your cholesterol.  You’ve got to start thinking differently.  The low-carb diet is one that absolutely requires more sodium.  A lot more sodium.

If you’ve got the brutal headaches that some people get when starting on a low-carb diet, add sodium.  And drink extra water.

Even if you don’t have pitting edema, postural hypotension or headaches, you still need more sodium if you are starting out on or following a low-carb diet. It’s critically important that you get extra sodium.  I can’t make this case too strongly.

An easy way to get extra sodium along with magnesium and potassium (a couple of other electrolytes we’ll discuss in a bit) is by consuming bone broth.  Unfortunately, you typically have to make the good stuff yourself because it’s difficult to find commercially.  You can get chicken broth and beef broth at most grocery stores, but it’s not nearly as good as the broth you can make yourself.  At the end of this post I‘ll give you a spectacular recipe that we have for a great bone broth we made at our now-defunct restaurant.  It is beyond good.  It requires a little time, but you can make a bunch and freeze it in small containers and keep it forever.

Short of making your own bone broth, you can use commercially available bouillon, which contains plenty of sodium and makes a nice hot drink.  Plop a cube in a cup of hot water and throw it back. Many patients have reported that drinking a cup of hot bouillon helps them get through carb cravings.  It’s easy and convenient, but can’t compare in taste to the real bone broth you make yourself.

In addition to broth, get some Celtic Sea Salt, Himalayan Salt or one of the other grayish, pinkish kind of grungy looking salts and replace your normal salt with these.  And don’t use them sparingly.  These salts have been harvested either from ancient sea beds or obtained by evaporation of sea water with high mineral content and contain about 70 percent of the sodium of regular salt (which has been refined, bleached and processed until it is pretty much pure sodium chloride, often with anti-caking agents added).  The other 30 percent of the volume is other minerals and micronutrients (including iodine) found in mineral-rich seas.  Consuming these salts is not just following a Paleolithic diet using modern food, but, depending upon the origin of the salt, it is consuming the same food your Paleolithic ancestors ate.  I much prefer these salts taste-wise to regular salt, and I salt the heck out of all my food with it.


The low-carb diet doesn’t really cause a massive depletion of magnesium like it does with the sodium and potassium (the next electrolyte on the list), but most people who are overweight, insulin resistant and/or hypertensive or diabetic are deficient in magnesium.  Even people with lipid problems are often magnesium deficient.  In fact, even people who don’t seem to have health problems can often be magnesium deficient because most people don’t get enough.   The last I read on the subject, about 70 percent of people don’t even get the minimum recommended daily intake of magnesium (which isn’t all that high).  So, in my opinion, it’s important to supplement this vital mineral.  Good magnesium levels help regulate potassium as well, so keeping your magnesium adequate helps with your potassium as well.

Nature has designed us so that approximately 300 plus of our enzymes require magnesium as a co-factor to make them work properly.  Which tells us that we evolved in a time when magnesium was readily available, otherwise the forces of natural selection wouldn’t have made such wide use of it.

Where did it come from?  I would bet most of it came from the water.  Most natural sources of water have a high magnesium content, so when you drink bottled water and softened and treated water, you get short changed.  Magnesium salts in water are one of the substances that tends to make deposits on your water pipes and makes it difficult to get a good lather with soap.  This problem is solved with water softeners, but the process gets rid of the magnesium.  In the old days when we all drank well water or stream water, we got a lot more magnesium.

Since magnesium is used in 300+ different chemical reactions in the body, a shortage of magnesium can cause problems.  One of the most common ones is an increase in cravings.  Often simply replenishing magnesium gets rid of many of the food cravings people have.

The best way to get magnesium is from supplements.  Get a good chelated magnesium supplement and take 300-400 mg per day.  We’ve found it best to take these supplements in the evening because magnesium is relaxing and taking it in the evening helps you sleep.  About the only problem people ever have with magnesium is loose stools, i.e., the milk of magnesium effect.  If that happens – and it is unwelcome – simply reduce your dosage until your stools normalize.

Purchasing magnesium supplements can be a little tricky because of the way they’re labeled.  First, a chelated magnesium supplement is one that ends with an ‘-ate,’ as in magnesium aspartate or magnesium citrate or magnesium citrimate.  The -‘ate’ ending tells you the magnesium is chelated, which means it’s attached to another molecule (the chelating agent..aspartate, citrate, or whatever) that helps with absorption.  Second, with magnesium supplements, the manufacturers sometimes list the dosage of both the magnesium and the chelating agent combined.  Since the chelating agents are a lot heavier than the magnesium, this labeling often ends up saying the dosage of each pill is, say, 1000 mg of magnesium aspartate.  This isn’t the amount of magnesium you’re going to end up getting because the magnesium is only about 15 percent of the weight of the total pill.

About the only way you can really tell how much actual magnesium your getting is to look on the label on the back and see how much of the RDI (Recommended Daily Intake) the dose is.  The RDI for magnesium is 400 mg per day so if you find the dose of the supplement you are considering contains 50 percent of the RDI, then you know each dose contains 200 mg of magnesium irrespective of what the dosage is on the front of the bottle.  As I say, I recommend 300 to 400 mg of magnesium per day.  The only downside of magnesium is loose stools.  Doesn’t happen to everyone, but does to a few.  For many people the magnesium seems to offset the constipation that some experience when starting a low-carb diet.  If you do experience loose stools, simply back off your dose of magnesium until things unloosen.

Magnesium is natures relaxant.  It makes many people sleepy, so we always recommend taking it at bedtime.


Potassium is linked to sodium.  If you lose a lot of sodium through the diuretic effect of the low-carb diet, you’ll ultimately lose a lot of potassium as well.  Keeping your sodium intake up as mentioned above will help preserve your potassium as well.  And keeping your potassium levels up helps to ensure that you don’t lose a lot of lean muscle mass during your weight loss.  Plus, just as with sodium, adequate potassium prevents cramping and fatigue.

You can replace your potassium by taking potassium supplements.  In our clinical practice, we gave all patients starting the low-carb diet a prescription for potassium.  You can get the same dosage by taking four to five of the over-the-counter 99 mg potassium supplements you can purchase at any health food or natural grocery store.

There are a couple of prescription medicines that you’ve got to be aware of if you markedly increase your potassium intake, so if you’re on blood pressure medicines, ask your doctor if it’s okay for you to take potassium.

Before we move on to other supplements we can use to help with low-carb dieting, I want to address the subject of dehydration.

A few years ago, I learned the lessons of adequate hydration the hard way, so take this as a cautionary tale and benefit from my painful experience.  I had always pooh-poohed the notion of drinking a lot of water in addition to coffee, tea and other non-caloric beverages because I always figured (and probably have even written in the pages of this blog somewhere) that coffee, tea, etc. are nothing but water with a little flavoring in them.  I mean, if you start out with a glass of water and put tea bag in it, the water doesn’t go away.  It’s still there; it just becomes tea-flavored water.  Well, turns out that’s not actually the case.

My daily ritual was as follows: Get up, stagger to the refrigerator and take a big gulp or two of sparkling water.  Then make my way to the espresso maker and crank out a cup of Americano.  Followed by four or five more Americanos over the course of the morning and early afternoon, interspersed with a gulp here and there of sparkling water.  A snort of Jameson in the early evening, maybe a glass of red wine with dinner and a decaf Americano after dinner.  If I watch a movie or read a book, I usually nurse another glass of Jameson.  I typically take my supplements at bedtime, so I throw back another half glass or so of sparkling water then.  Plenty of liquids, right?

Well, not exactly, as it turned out.

I began developing severe cramps in my hands and feet that I had a hell of a time massaging out.  That was just the beginning.  I started being awakened at night with brutal leg cramps, requiring my springing from the bed and walking them out.  My potassium is too low, thought I, so I started taking potassium.  No change in the cramping situation.  In fact, if anything, it got worse.  I was complaining to a friend who told me calcium had helped his cramps.  So I downed calcium at bedtime.  No improvement.

Another friend told me that tonic water had helped her with cramps, but I only half believed it, so didn’t really try.  Then MD and I had family visit us in Tahoe for skiing.  I upped my booze intake, kept the coffee intake about the same, and probably decreased my consumption of sparkling water (or water of any kind, for that matter).  The cramps increased dramatically.  And what was worse, they stopped limiting themselves to the night.  When MD and I were driving over to Napa one day, the cramps were so severe I could hardly drive.  I had to keep the seat back as far as I could get it so I could straighten my leg when one hit me.  Then my hands started cramping just holding them on the steering wheel.  I pulled off the freeway and made a beeline for a convenience store and grabbed a one liter bottle of diet tonic water and proceeded to chug the entire thing as I drove down the road.  Miraculously, my cramps subsided.  So, I figured tonic water (quinine) was the solution.

One night – after being out of tonic water for a few days and being failed by my bride in resupplying – I had another brutal night of cramps.  The next day I was scheduled for blood donation.  After going through the long list of questions that must be answered verbally (and fighting down the impulse to tell my interrogator that I had recently paid for sex while imprisoned in Africa – those who have given blood lately will know what I mean), I was sent to actually have the blood taken.  The phlebotomist couldn’t find my vein, which had never happened before because I usually have rope-like veins in my forearms.  She asked if I was dehydrated.  I told her I didn’t think so since I had had my normal four of five cups of coffee that morning along with my gulp of water.  She brought me a couple of 16 ounce bottles of water that I drank, and, bingo, there were my veins.  Big and robust as usual.

It finally occurred to me that my cramping problem might be due to dehydration and that the diet tonic that solved the problem did so not because of the quinine but because I was drinking all the water the quinine was dissolved in.  And it occurred to me that the cramping was worse in the middle of the night because a lot of water is lost through the breath at night. (See my second post on the Anthony Colpo Smackdown to read more about this.)  You can lose a couple of pounds during sleep simply by breathing water vapor away, which was, I’m sure, what was happening to me.  I was barely hydrated enough to prevent cramping while awake, but when I slept and my fluid level fell due to my breathing water away, I hit some critical threshold of fluid that kicked off the cramps.

I started rehydrating first thing in the morning and throughout the day.  Now I get up, drink anywhere from 16 to 32 ounces of remineralized water (more about which later) first thing.  Then I head to the espresso maker and start my daily Americano regimen.  But I consume at least 8 ounces of sparkling water after each cup of coffee.  And I drink water after each shot of Jameson and/or glass of wine (or any other alcoholic libation),* and I’m proud to report that I have been cramp free since upping the water.

My brush with cramping misery inspired me to hit the medical literature to read about hydration.  And I learned many wonderful things. For example, I learned coffee is a diuretic (which I already knew but had chosen to forget), but that some acclimation occurs over time.  Still, due to the diuretic effect, you don’t get the full fluid from a cup of coffee that you would from an equal amount of water.  Same with alcohol.  Once I started calculating how much fluid of that I drank throughout the day I was actually retaining, I was amazed that cramping was the worst that happened to me.

I learned that water has a lipolytic effect (fat burning).  I read this in a number of papers that had studied it, and the data clearly showed that those who took in a lot of water had increased lipolysis.  I didn’t deny the data, but I couldn’t figure out the mechanism (and apparently neither could any of the authors because none described it).  I thought on it a while and finally came up with what I think is a plausible scenario.

When you drink water, especially cold water, you require some increase in caloric burning to bring the water to body temperature, but that increase doesn’t amount to all that much (the authors did describe this phenomenon), but you also dilute your blood for a bit until the water equilibrates with the fluid in all the tissues, and effect that takes some time.  During this time, while the blood is more dilute, the concentration of the various substances carried in the blood decreases.  Which would mean that insulin levels would fall.  The typical blood volume is about 5 liters, so drinking a liter of water would increase the blood volume temporarily by about 20 percent, which would mean the concentration of insulin and other molecules in the blood would fall by about 20 percent.  A 20 percent drop in insulin levels would allow fat to escape the fat cells and would facilitate its transfer into the mitochondria for burning.  At least that’s my explanation for the lipolytic effect seen in numerous studies of subjects increasing water intake.

Those starting a low-carb diet are prone to dehydration because excess ketones are gotten rid of via the kidneys along with a lot of fluid.  So, when you start your diet, consciously increase your fluid intake.  Do like I do now and come up with some sort of regimen that ensures you consume plenty of water throughout the day.  You’ll feel better; you’ll avoid cramping; and you’ll actually burn a little more fat.  And don’t make the mistake I did and assume that drinking a lot of coffee, tea, booze or other diuretic fluid is a replacement for water intake.

Since I drink either bottled water or water that comes through our RO filter, both of which are depleted of minerals, I always remineralize my water by adding a pinch of Celtic Sea Salt or one of the other such salts to each bottle.  I add enough so that the water just barely hints of a salty taste.


Every patient whom we started on a low-carb diet left our clinic with six supplements:  lipoic acid, CoQ10, Vitamin E, magnesium, a good multi-vitamin and a prescription for potassium. (Now I would add a substantial dose of vitamin D3 to the list, a dose based on vitamin d levels and sun exposure.) We’ve already dealt with the potassium and magnesium, so let’s consider the others.

First, the good multi.  I’m a believer in getting most of what’s needed vitamin- and mineral-wise from food.  And I’m also a believer that I’m an excellent driver.  Yet I always purchase car insurance.  I see a good multi-vitamin as the same thing – cheap insurance against any kind of deficiency.  I would rather have my patients urinating away fifty cents worth of vitamins a day than risk that they have a deficiency in one.  And I feel the same way about myself.  So, find a good multi-vitamin without iron and take it.  Based on the experiences of my own patients, I can almost guarantee you’ll feel better. Why without iron?  Because most people on low-carb diets get plenty of iron in a very absorbable form.  And too much iron isn’t a good thing, so don’t take it in your multi.

Alpha lipoic acid (ALA)

ALA is, next to magnesium, just about my favorite supplement.  It acts as both a fat-soluble and water-soluble anti-oxidant so it can pretty much weasel its way in anywhere in the body and stamp out inflammation.  It protects fatty membranes and even acts as a cellular nutrient.  It also helps the body deal with blood sugar, which helps the whole low-carb adaptation process along.  Many studies have shown an improvement in blood glucose levels and insulin sensitivity with ALA supplementation.  ALA can rejuvenate other anti-oxidants, and has so many virtues that entire books have been written about it.  My standard dose is 300 mg per day for patients starting low-carb diets.  There is a newer, more potent version of ALA available now called r-alpha lipoic acid.  The standard stuff is a combination of the r and l varieties, and since the r isomer is the active one, a supplement made entirely of the r variety is going to be more potent.  And more expensive.  If you use the r-ALA you can take 100 mg a day.


Another superstar supplement, especially for those who have been on or are on statins.  Statin drugs interfere with the body’s synthesis of this important nutrient, and those who have been or are taking statins are usually depleted to some degree.  If you’ve been taking a statin, I would take 300 mg per day of CoQ10.  If you haven’t, 100 mg per day should do.

Vitamin D3

I would also add at least 1000 IU per day of this nutrient.  You need to have your levels checked at some point to make sure you don’t overdo it, but at 1000 IU per day, this is unlikely.  If you do test and find you’re deficient, I would take 5,000-10,000 IU per day until 25 (OH) vit D serum levels are up to at least 50 ng/ml.  Along with all the other benefits vitamin D3 provides (which I have written about elsewhere on this blog), there is some evidence that it even boosts weight loss a bit.


The last supplement I’ll mention is one I’ve had much success with in treating people who tend to have carb cravings late in the day.  5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) is the precursor to serotonin.  Most people who have carb cravings have them because their serotonin levels fall.  Taking 5-HTP will bring them back up.  It also helps with sleep.  Best time to take it seems to be about 4 or 5 PM for those who go to bed at the standard 10-12 PM.  You can move the dose around to find a time that helps the most with your carb cravings yet doesn’t make you sleepy other than when you want to be.  I usually recommend 50-100 mg.  It’s available at most health food stores and natural food grocers.

Fatty liver
The last bit of advice I’ll give is that you need to work to defat your liver as quickly as possible.  The good news is that you can do it quickly on a low-carb diet.  Studies have shown major improvement in just 10 days or so.   It’s important to defat your liver to help you lose weight more quickly because the liver breaks down insulin.  If your blood sugar goes up, the pancreas makes and secretes insulin to drive it down. It does so by driving the glucose into the cells.  At the same time, insulin drives fat into the fat cells and keeps it there.  As long as the insulin is in the circulation, it’s going to be preventing fat from leaving the fat cells.  The liver is the organ that breaks down and gets rid of the insulin.  And a healthy liver does it a lot better than a liver full of fat.

One of the liver’s most important jobs is detoxification of harmful substances.  We all (at least I) consume medications, food and drink that is toxic.  We (I) drink coffee, tea and alcoholic beverages.  The caffeine and alcohol are toxins.  They don’t really hurt us in the quantities that most of us ingest, but they are toxic nevertheless.  The liver detoxifies them.  Same with many drugs – both prescription and over-the-counter.  Tylenol puts a major detoxification burden on the liver.  When you drink coffee, tea, and/or alcohol and take OTC meds, you occupy much of your liver’s detoxification capacity.  Which means it can’t get rid of insulin as well and can’t regulate metabolism in general as well as it does when it isn’t busily detoxing toxins.

So, if you really want to hit it hard in the early phases of your low-carb diet and reach low-carb adaptation at warp speed, I would recommend avoiding – or at least limiting – coffee, tea, alcohol and OTC meds.

I am a huge lover of coffee and alcohol (coffee more so than alcohol despite my constant talk of Jameson) so I know this is a sacrifice.  One way to have it both ways is to switch from caffeinated coffee to decaf espresso.  Decaf coffee to me sucks taste-wise.  But decaf espresso ain’t so bad.  If you don’t want to go completely cold turkey, you can switch from coffee to espresso since espresso has double (or triple) the taste of coffee yet only about half the caffeine.  My favorite way to drink espresso is as Cafe Americano.  I love it so much that I even made a video of how to make it to send to people.  Take a look if you haven’t seen it yet.  It’s the best cup of coffee you’ll ever have. (I have one on the table next to me as I write these words on the patio in Cuenca, Spain.)

That’s about a wrap on my tips and tricks for kicking off a low-carb diet.  I’m sure many of you have tips and tricks of your own.  Please feel free to share them in the comments section.

The bone broth recipe below is from our defunct restaurant I wrote about here.  We had this going on the stove all the time and used it as a base for about half the dishes we served.  It is absolutely spectacular.  I would eat is as a soup (we didn’t serve it that way) and take home bags of it and freeze it.  You can do the same.  I’ll provide the restaurant-sized version so you can either make a large amount in a big stock pot and freeze a bunch of it in individual packages.  Or you can cut it down to a smaller recipe.  If you do, just make sure to cut all the ingredient amounts proportionally.

Terrific Bone Broth

This is the restaurant recipe for massive quantities, so you can reduce accordingly.  Just make sure you reduce all ingredients proportionally.

2 oz roasted garlic (weight)
10 oz roasted red onions (weight)
4.5 gallons water (volume)
22 oz tomato paste (weight)
4 oz cilantro with stems
2 pounds chicken back bones (weight)
16 oz tomato pulp (weight)*
6 oz salt (weight) I would use Celtic Sea Salt or other such salt here
1 oz black pepper (weight)
1 oz olive oil (volume)

Roast onions and garlic in olive oil for approximately 15 to 20 minutes.

Add all ingredients to water, chicken and tomato paste.

Let simmer over medium fire until cooked.

Approximate yield is 640 ounces or 5 gallons.

*We used a ton of diced Roma tomatoes in the restaurant for just about everything.  We removed the pulp from these tomatoes before dicing them.  We saved the pulp and used it in the stock.

A note of interest: I wrote the first part of this post flying between San Francisco and Dallas.  The middle part during a flight from Dallas to Atlanta.  And the last part (along with the words I’m typing now) over the Atlantic on a flight from Atlanta to Madrid.  I’ll transfer it to WordPress, put in all the links and photos when I get to the hotel in Madrid.  So you’ll end up with a post that was written about halfway around the world.

Another note of interest: I’m finishing this post in Cuenca, Spain (including some of the edits I made above) because the internet connection in our hotel in Madrid sucked.  The hotel was great, the food was pretty good, but the internet was abysmal.  I kept getting kicked off, so I abandoned all but the most necessary internet functions (email, mainly) until I got to more reliable service.  Here we are in Cuenca where the hotel sucks, the food really sucks but the internet connection is great.

One housekeeping note: Since the internet has been so unreliable, I have been unable to deal with the 100 or so comments that have accumulated.  I’ll get to them as soon as this post is up.  I did perform one of my most-hated tasks last night and went through the spam filter to fish out legit comments that had gotten snared before deleting the zillions of spam comments.  So if you’ve been waiting a long time for a comment to appear, it was probably one of the handful that I rescued from the sea of spam.  I’ll get it up as soon as I can. Just bear in mind that I’m headed for my next stop, Zaragoza, as soon as I hit the ‘Publish’ button on this post and will be on a forced march for a bit. So, be patient with me on the comments.

*Here in Spain I have discovered a wonderful way to drink wine and stay hydrated.  They have a drink called Tinto de Verano (see photo at top), which is half fruity Spanish wine and half sparkling water poured over ice with a slice of orange and slice of lemon thrown in.  It’s kind of sangria lite.  Each time you drink a glass of it, you get half wine and half water, so you rehydrate the water lost from the little alcohol in the half glass of wine.  It’s tremendously refreshing, and I’ve drunk my weight of it since arriving.

3 Easy and Diabetic-Friendly Low-Carb Snacks

Ginger Vieira was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when she was 13, celiac disease a year later, and fibromyalgia in 2014. Ginger provides great insights into life with multiple chronic illnesses, including how to make the most of your life despite your health setbacks.
An important part of maintaining or losing weight comes down to properly fueling your metabolism. Going too long between meals (more than four hours) will inevitably tell your metabolism to slow down and conserve energy and body fat.

By incorporating a healthy snack between lunch and dinner, you will not only keep your metabolism burning, but you'll also curb your appetite by the time you get home for dinner.

Your snack should contain some healthy protein and some fat to give you the sustainable fuel you need in the middle of the day. Remember, you can subtract dietary fiber from the total carb count because fiber is not digested into glucose like other carbohydrates.

Here are three of my favorite low-carb snacks containing 300 calories (or fewer):
1. Apple with two sticks of string cheese
This snack adds up to approximately 280 calories and 15 grams of carbs. By pairing string cheese with your fruit choice, you'll get plenty of protein and some healthy fat, which will take longer to digest and therefore sustain your appetite and your metabolism longer compared to eating only the fruit.

2. Plain yogurt with berries and walnuts
Properly proportioned, this snack gives you a total of 300 calories and 14 grams of carbs. Choose a plain Greek yogurt containing seven grams of carbs and 100 calories or fewer—by choosing plain yogurt, you'll skip the sugar-laden fruit jelly that often contains high-fructose corn syrup. Add some flavor with a 1/2 cup of fresh or frozen berries for 50 more calories and seven grams of carbs, then sprinkle a less-than-full 1/4 cup of chopped walnuts for about 150 more calories and healthy, energy-sustaining fat!

3. Hummus with veggies and almonds
For a total of 300 calories, create a finger-food snack with four tablespoons of hummus containing 140 calories and six grams of carbs, 15 baby carrots for 10 grams of carbs and 50 calories, and 15 almonds for a remaining 100 calories and healthy fat.

Keep a good supply of the items above in your fridge at home or at work to perk up your mid-afternoon energy. If you get tired of apples, you can easily substitute a different type of fruit, a different type of veggie instead of carrots, or a different type of nut instead of walnuts or almo

30 Lower Carb Snack Ideas

Snacks can be an important part of any diet but especially one for diabetes.  Snacks can help stabilize blood glucose and prevent hypoglycemia.  Here is a list of 30 lower carb snacks to help get you started.  (Some of these are substantial enough to be a meal). Feel free to add crackers or fruit if you need a few extra carbs.  Enjoy!

1.  Ham  and cheese roll ups- take a piece of string cheese and place on a thin slice of ham and roll up- add low carb ranch or honey mustard dressing as desired

2.  Lettuce and chicken salad roll up

3.  Lettuce and pimento & cheese roll up

4.  Celery and peanut butter

5.  Cottage cheese- either alone or as a dip with veggies

6.  Toasted pecans

7.  Ricotta cheese- either alone or mix in seasonings to make a dip for cut-up veggies

8.  Lettuce and tuna salad roll up

9.  Salmon dip with veggie sticks

10.  String cheese

11.  Hard boiled egg

12.  Vegetable soup

13.  Stuffed mushrooms (stuff with veggies, cheese, seasonings)

14.  Stuffed summer squash (stuff with squash mixed with lean sausage, seasonings such as savory or tarragon)

15.  Ranch dressing with veggies

16.  Vegetable juice

17.  Oven fried okra poppers (dip okra in egg then dust with parmesan cheese and bake)

18.  Tomato soup

19.  Trail mix (make your own with nuts and coconut)

30 lower carb snack ideas

20.  Mozzarella cheese ball, cherry tomato and basil leaf kabob

21.  Spinach salad with bacon

22.  Bell peppers stuffed with chopped roast beef and cheese- melt cheese under broiler

23.  Chef’s salad- top with chopped meat, bacon, cheese, dressing

24.  Melt a slice of cheese on a slice of Canadian bacon

25.  Soy nuts

26.  Avocado dip- use veggie sticks for dippers

27.  Almonds

28.  Cherry tomatoes with dressing

29.  Greek Salad

30.  Boiled shrimp

Monday, March 28, 2016


This low carb Mexican zucchini and ground beef recipe is a simple dish made with low cost ingredients. It’s an easy low carb high fat dinner recipe perfect for summer.

We had a really good zucchini crop this year. The last few years, our plants ended up getting powdery mildew so they didn’t produce but one or two fruit. However, I think some of that was due to us overwatering the plants in the evening. This year, there was a lot of rainy days so we didn’t bothering adding any additional water and the plants did amazing.

Chopped zucchini pairs well with ground beef. I came up with this Mexican Zucchini and beef skillet dish recipe one night for an easy dinner. I’ve made a similar dish in the past using leftover salsa. This time, I just added a whole can of diced tomatoes with green chilis. I added a few Mexican spices to give it a little more flavor to make up for the salsa seasonings. If you can’t find canned tomatoes with chilis, a can of regular diced tomatoes will do. You can even add a few diced peppers if you have some. I typically just taste as I go and look around to see what ingredients I have on hand that would be great additions. My cooking is super simple as I don’t have a lot of time to fuss.

I like to slice up fresh zucchini into bite size pieces. My favorite cut is to cut each slice into quarters. You can cut them into smaller diced pieces, if you prefer.

It’s been a long time since I’ve bought actual ground beef. When I call for ground beef in a recipe, that means ground hamburger venison for me. We always have a freezer full of ground venison which seems like an endless supply.

Zucchini tastes best when it’s cooked al dente. If you cook it too long it gets mushy which isn’t good. Cooking the zucchini for five to ten minutes in the covered skillet should warm it up and still keep it firm.

This low carb Mexican zucchini and ground beef skillet dish is a simple recipe that uses inexpensive ingredients. It goes well with cauliflower rice. What’s your favorite way to eat zucchini?

Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes
Yield: 6 servings
Calories per serving: 272
Fat per serving: 17.5g
This low carb Mexican zucchini and ground beef recipe is a simple dish made with low cost ingredients. It's an easy LCHF dinner recipe perfect for summer.
2 medium zucchini, sliced and quartered
1 1/2 pounds ground beef
2 garlic cloves, minced
1 (10 oz can) tomatoes & green chilis (or salsa, or diced tomatoes)
1 tablespoon chili powder
1 teaspoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
1/2 teaspoon onion powder
1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
  1. Brown ground beef with minced garlic, salt, and pepper.
  2. Cook over medium heat until meat is browned.
  3. Add tomatoes and remaining spices. Cover and simmer on low heat for another 10 minutes.
  4. Add the zucchini. Cover and cook for about 10 more minutes until zucchini is cooked, but still firm.
Makes 6 servings
Nutrition per serving: 272 calories, 17.5g fat, 639mg sodium, 5.6g carbs, 1.5g fiber, 4.1g net carb, 22.1g protein